Below mentioned ASP.NET MVC interview questions must be prepared before appearing for a MVC interview.
1. Explain MVC (Model-View-Controller) in general?
MVC (Model-View-Controller) is an architectural software pattern that basically decouples various components of a web application. By using MVC pattern, we can develop applications that are more flexible to changes without affecting the other components of our application.
- “Model”, is basically domain data.
- “View”, is user interface to render domain data.
- “Controller”, translates user actions into appropriate operations performed on model.
2. What is ASP.NET MVC?
ASP.NET MVC is a web development framework from Microsoft that is based on MVC (Model-View-Controller) architectural design pattern. Microsoft has streamlined the development of MVC based applications using ASP.NET MVC framework.
3. Difference between ASP.NET MVC and ASP.NET WebForms?
ASP.NET Web Forms uses Page controller pattern approach for rendering layout, whereas ASP.NET MVC uses Front controller approach. In case of Page controller approach, every page has its own controller i.e. code-behind file that processes the request. On the other hand, in ASP.NET MVC, a common controller for all pages processes the requests.
4. What are the Core features of ASP.NET MVC?
Core features of ASP.NET MVC framework are:
- Clear separation of application concerns (Presentation and Business Logic)
- An extensible and pluggable framework
- Extensive support for ASP.NET Routing
- Support for existing ASP.NET features
5. Can you please explain the request flow in ASP.NET MVC framework?
Request flow for ASP.NET MVC framework is as follows:
Request hits the controller coming from client. Controller plays its role and decides which model to use in order to serve the request. Further passing that model to view which then transforms the model and generate an appropriate response that is rendered to client.
6. What is Routing in ASP.NET MVC?
In case of a typical ASP.NET application, incoming requests are mapped to physical files such as .aspx file. ASP.NET MVC framework uses friendly URLs that more easily describe user’s action but not mapped to physical files.
ASP.NET MVC framework uses a routing engine, that maps URLs to controller classes. We can define routing rules for the engine, so that it can map incoming request URLs to appropriate controller.
Practically, when a user types a URL in a browser window for an ASP.NET MVC application and presses “go” button, routing engine uses routing rules that are defined in Global.asax file in order to parse the URL and find out the path of corresponding controller.
7. What is the difference between ViewData, ViewBag and TempData?
In order to pass data from controller to view and in next subsequent request, ASP.NET MVC framework provides different options i.e. ViewData, ViewBag and TempData.
Both ViewBag and ViewData are used to to communicate between controller and corresponding view.But this communication is only for server call, it becomes null if redirect occurs. So, in short, its a mechanism to maintain state between controller and corresponding view.
ViewData is a dictionary object while ViewBag is a dynamic property (a new C# 4.0 feature). viewData being a dictionary object is accessible using strings as keys and also requires typecasting for complex types.On the other hand, ViewBag doesn’t have typecasting and null checks.
TempData is also a dictionary object that stays for the time of an HTTP Request. So, Tempdata can be used to maintain data between redirects i.e from one controller to the other controller.
8. What are Action Methods in ASP.NET MVC?
As I already explained about request flow in ASP.NET MVC framework that request coming from client hits controller first. Actually MVC application determines the corresponding controller by using routing rules defined in Global.asax. And controllers have specific methods for each user actions. Each request coming to controller is for a specific Action Method. The following code example, “ShowBooks” is an example of an Action Method.
public ViewResult ShowBooks(int id)
var computerBook = db.Books.Where(p => P.BookID == id).First();
9.Explain the role of Model in ASP.NET MVC?
One of the core feature of ASP.NET MVC is that it separates the input and UI logic from business logic. Role of Model in ASP.NET MVC is to contain all application logic including validation, business and data access logic except view i.e. input and controller i.e UI logic.
Model is normally responsible for accessing data from some persistent medium like database and manipulate it.
10.What are Action Filters in ASP.NET MVC?
If we need to apply some specific logic before or after action methods, we use action filters. We can apply these action filters to a controller or a specific controller action. Action filters are basically custom classes that provide a mean for adding pre-action or post-action behavior to controller actions.
- Authorize filter can be used to restrict access to a specific user or a role.
- OutputCache filter can cache the output of a controller action for a specific duration.